Maurice Finley/ Definitions from The Art Of War

by Maurice Finley

July 4th, 2012

Below are some words I made note of and learned from The Art of War.

Definitions – ” The Art of War ”

1. ESPIONAGE – n – 1. The practice of spying or using spies to obtain information about the plans or activities esp. of a foreign government, or competing company.

 

2. ELUCIDATED – vb – 1. To make lucid esp. by explanation or analysis.

 

3. TAOISM – n – 1. a Chinese mystical philosophy traditionally founded by Lao-tao in the 6th century B.C. that teaches conformity to the Tao by unassertive action and simplicity.

 

4. UPHEAVAL – n – 1. The action or a instance of upheaving esp. of part of the earth’s crust. 2. Extreme agitation or disorder; radical change; also; an instance of this.

 

5. INTRIGUED – vt – 1. To arouse the interest, desire, or curiosity of.

 

6. DIPLOMACY – n – 1. The act and practice of conducting negotiations between nations. 2. Skill in handling affairs without arousing hostility : TACT.

 

7. TREATISE – n – 1. a systematic exposition or agreement in writing including a methodical discussion of the facts and principals involved and conclusions reached.

 

8. METALLURGY – n – 1. The science and technology of metals.

 

9. CONSOLIDATED – vb – 1. To join together in one whole : UNITE.

 

10. HEGEMONY – n – 1. Pre-ponderant influence or authority over others : DOMINATION.

 

11. ALLIANCE – n – 1. The state of being allied : the action of allying. 2. A bond or connection between families, states, parties, or individuals.

 

12. DELEGATION – n – 1. The act of empowering to act for another. 2. A group of persons chosen to represent others.

 

13. REPRIEVE – vt – 1. To delay the punishment of ( as a condemned prisoner)

REPRIEVE – N – 3. A temporary respite ( as from pain or trouble)

 

14. MARAUDING – vb – 1. To roam about and raid in search of plunder.

 

15. SEMINAL – adj – 1. Of, relating to, or consisting of seed or semen. 2. Containing or contributing the seeds of later development : CREATIVE, ORIGINAL.

 

16. UNIFICATION – n – 1. The act, process, or result of unifying.

 

17. EMBELLISHMENT – n – 1. The act or process of embellishing. 2. Something serving to embellish.

 

18. SENTIMENT – n – 1. An attitude, thought, or judgment prompted by feeling : PREDILECTION. 2. A specific view or notion : opinion.

 

19. ANNIHILATION -  – 1. To destroy the substance, or force of. 2. To vanquish completely : ROUT.

 

20. VITALITY – n – 1. The peculiarity distinguishing the living from the non-living. 2. Power of enduring.

 

21. MALEVOLENT – adj – 1. Having, showing, or arising from intense often vicious ill will, spite, or hatred.

 

22. VIRTUE – n – 1. Conformity to a standard of right : MORALITY.

 

23. IMPERIALIST – - NOT AVAILABLE

 

24. TRAVESTY – n – 1. To make a travesty of : PARODY.

TRAVESTY -   – 1. A debased, distorted, or grossly inferior imitation.

 

25. VIRILE – adj – 1. Having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male. 2. Characteristics of or associated with men : MASCULINE. 3. ENERGETIC, VIGOROUS.

 

26. INTERREGNUM – n – 1. The time during which a throne is vacant between two different successive reigns, or regimes.

 

27. EMINENCE – n – 1. A position of prominence, or superiority.

 

28. SINOLOGIST – n – 1. The study of the Chinese and esp. their language, literature, history, and culture.

 

29. INJUNCTION – n – 1. The act or an instance of enjoining : ORDER, ADMONITION. 2. A writ granted by a court of equity whereby one is required to do or refrain from doing a specific act.

 

30. VAST – adj – 1. Very great in size, amount, desire, intensity, or esp. in extent or range.

 

31. IMPEDUS -  -  NOT AVAILABLE

 

32. CARNAGE – n – 1. The flesh of slain animals or men.

 

33. AMID -  – 1. In, or in the middle of; surrounded by : AMONG.

 

34. SURROGATE – vt – 1. To put in place for another.

 

35. FEAVENTLY -  -   NOT AVAILABLE

 

36. SCOURGE – n – 1. WHIP; esp. one used to inflict pain or punishment.

 

37. FUTILITY – n – 1. The quality or state of being futile : USELESS.

 

38. BELLIGERENCE – n – 1. An aggressive or truculent attitude, atmosphere, or disposition.

 

39. APOTHEGMS – n – 1. A short, pithy, and instructive saying or formulation : APHORISM.

 

40. IMBUED – vt – 1. To permeate or influence as if by dyeing. 2. To tinge or dye deeply.

 

41. INTRINSIC – adj – 1. Belonging to the essential nature or constitution of a thing.

 

42. ADHERING – adj – 1. Able or tending to adhere. 2. Connected or associated with esp. by contract.

 

43. ADHEVENT – n – 1. A follower of a leader, party, or profession.

 

44. BESTOW – vt – 1. To put to use : APPLY. 2. To put in a particular or appropriate place : STOW.

 

45. NOMENCLATURE – n – 1. NAME, DESIGNATION. 2. The act or process or an instance of naming.

 

46. DISTILLED – vb – 1. To let fall, exude, or precipitate in drops or in a wet mist. 2. To subject to or transform by distillation. 3. To extract the essence of : CONCENTRATE.

 

47. BELLICOSE – adj – 1. Favoring or inclined to start quarrels or wars.

 

48. RESTORATIVE – adj – 1. of or relating to restoration; esp. having power to restore.

RESTORATIVE – n – 1. Something that serves to restore  to consciousness, vigor, or health.

 

49. CONDUIT – n – 1. A natural or artificial channel through which something (as fluid) is conveyed. 2. A means of transmitting or distributing.

 

50. VANQUISHED – vt – 1. To overcome in battle; subdue completely. 2. To defeat in a conflict or contest.

 

51. DIGRESSION – n – 1. The act or an instance of digressing in a discourse or other use; organized literary work.

 

52. EXQUISITE – adj – 1. Carefully selected : CHOICE. 3. Marked by flawlessness, craftsmanship, or by beautiful, ingenious, delicate, or elaborate execution.

EXQUISITE – n – 1. One who is overly fastidious in dress or ornament.

 

53. SERFS – n – 1. A member of a servile feudal class bound to the land and subject to the will of it’s owner.

 

54. PITHY – adj – 1. Consisting of or abounding in pith. 2. Having substance and point : tersely cogent.

 

55. MAXIMS – n – 1. A general truth, fundamental principle, or rule of conduct.

 

56. LORE – n – 1. archaic : something that is taught : LESSON. 2. Knowledge gained through study or experience.

LORE – n – 1. The space between the eye and bill in a bird or the corresponding region in a reptile or fish.

 

57. MNEMONIC – adj – 1. Assisting or intending to assist memory.

MNEMONIC – n – 1. A mnemonic device or code.

 

58. DIVERGENCE – n – 1. A drawing apart ( as of lines extending from a common center ). 2. A deviation from a course or standard.

 

59. DISTINCTION – n – 1. archaic : DIVISION. 2. The quality or state of being distinguished or worthy.

 

60. DIDACTIC – adj – 1. Designed or intended to teach. 2. Intended to convey instruction and information as well as pleasure and entertainment.

 

61. VULGARITY – n – 1. Something vulgar. The quality or state of being vulgar.

 

62. AVIDLY – adj – 1. Characterized by enthusiasm and vigorous pursuit. Desirous to the point of greed; urgently eager : GREEDY.

 

63. SCRUTINIZED – vb – 1. To examine closely and minutely.

 

64. TRITE – adj – 1. Of terere to rub, wear away. 2. Hackneyed or boring from much use; not fresh or original.

 

65. PERILOUS – adj – 1. Full of or involving peril.

 

66. RIFE – adj – 1. Prevalent esp. to an increasing degree. 2. ABUNDANT, COMMON.

 

67. APT – adj – 1. unusually fitted or qualified : READY. 3. Suited to a purpose; esp. being to the point.

 

68. ESSENTIAL – adj – 1. Of, relating to, or constituting essence: INHERENT. 2. Of the utmost importance : BASIC, INDISPENSIBLE, NECESSARY.

ESSENTIAL – n – 1. Something basic. 2. Something necessary, indispensible, or unavoidable.

 

69. IMMANENT – adj – 1. : INDWELLING, INHERENT. 2. Being within the limits of possible experience or knowledge.

 

70. COHERENT – adj – 1. Logically or aesthetically ordered or integrated : CONSISTENT. 2. Having clarity or intelligibility : UNDERSTANDABLE.

 

71. UTTER – adj – 1. Carried to the utmost point or highest degree : ABSOLUTE, TOTAL.

UTTER – vb – 1. To put forth or out  : DISCHARGE.

 

72. SOFFUSED – NOT AVAILABLE

 

73. PROFANE – vt – 1. To treat (something sacred) with abuse, irreverence, or contempt : DESECRATE.

PROFANE – adj – 1. Not concerned with religion or religious purposes : SECULAR.

 

74. PROFOUND – adj – 1. Having intellectual depth and insight. 2. Characterized by intensity of feeling or quality.

PROFOUND – n – 1. Something that is very deep; specif; the depths of the sea.

 

75. SINOLOGUE – n – 1. A specialist in sinology.

 

76. COMPENDIUM – n – 1. A brief summary of a larger work or of a field of knowledge : ABSTRACT.

 

77. OMISSIONS – n – 1. Something neglected or left undone.

 

78. HITHERTO – adv – 1. Up to this or that time.

 

79. VITAL – adj – 1. Concerned with or necessary to the maintenance of life.

 

80. HENCE – adv – 1. From this place : AWAY. 2. From this source or origin.

 

81. GOVERNED – vb – 1. To exercise continuous sovereign authority over esp; to control and direct the making and administration of policy in.

 

82. UNDISMAYED – NOT AVAILABLE

 

83. BENEVOLENCE – n – 1. Disposition to do good.

 

84. EXPENDITURE – n – 1. The act or process of expending.

 

85. SOVEREIGN – n – 1. One possessing or held to possess sovereignty.

SOVEREIGN – adj – 1. Superlative in quality : EXCELLENT.

 

86. HEARKENS – vb – 1. LISTEN. 2. To give respectful attention.

 

87. CHOLERIC – adj – 1. Easily moved to often unreasonable or excessive anger : hot tempered.

 

88. DIVULGED – vt – 1. archaic : to make public : PROCLAIM.

 

89. IMPOVERISHED – adj – 1. Represented by few species or individuals.

 

90. AUGMENT – vb – 1. To make greater, more numerous, larger, or more intense.

 

91. ACME – n – 1. The highest point or stage; also; one that represents perfection of the thing expressed.

 

92. CHASM – n – 1. A deep cleft in the surface of a planet (as the earth) : GORGE.

 

93. POSTULATES – vb – 1. : DEMAND, CLAIM.

POSTULATES – n – 1. A hypothesis advanced as an essential presupposition, condition, or premise of a train of reasoning.

 

94. AXIOM – n – 1. A maxim widely accepted on its intrinsic merit. 2. A statement accepted as true as the basis for argument or inference : POSTULATE.

 

95. QUAGMIRES – n – 1. Soft miry land that shakes or yields under the foot. 2. A difficult, precarious, or entrapping position : PREDICAMENT.

 

96. AMBUSCADE – n – 1. AMBUSH.

 

97. CONTIGUOUS – adj – 1. being in actual contact; touching along the boundary or at a point.

 

98. CONTENTIOUS – adj – 1. Likely to cause contention.

 

99. TRAVERSE – n – 1. Something that crosses or lies across. 2. OBSTACLE, ADVERSITY.

TRAVERSE – vb – 1. To go against or act in opposition to : OPPOSE, THWART.

 

100. CONFLAGRATION – n – 1. : FIRE; esp; a large disastrous fire. 2. CONFLICT, WAR.

 

101. ASCERTAIN – vt – 1. archaic : to make certain, exact, or precise.

 

102. CONCEIVED – vb – 1. To become pregnant with. 2. To cause to begin : ORIGINATE.

 

103. REALM – n – 1. KINGDOM. 2. SPHERE, DOMAIN.

 

104. CUMBERSOME – adj – 1. BURDENSOME, TROUBLESOME. 2. Unwieldy because of heaviness and bulk.

 

105. ELUCIDATE – vb – 1. To make lucid esp. by explanation or analysis.

 

106. EXPOSITORY – adj – 1. Of, relating to, or containing exposition.

 

107. REITERATING – vb – 1. To state or do over again or repeatedly sometimes with wearying effect.

 

108. ATTRIBUTE – n – 1. An inherent characteristic; also; an accidental quality.

 

109. MONOTHEISTIC – n – 1. The doctrine or belief that there is but one God.

 

110. CONCOMITANT – adj – 1. Accompanying esp. in a subordinate or incidental way.

CONCOMITANT – n – 1. Something that accompanies or is collaterally connected with something else: ACCOMPANIMENT.

 

111. PERIPATETIC – n – 1. A follower of Aristotle or adherent of Aristotelians.

PERIPATETIC – adj – 1. Of, relating to, or given to walking.

 

112. CONCISE – adj – 1. Marked by brevity of expression or statement : free from all elaboration and superfluous detail.

 

113. ADMONITION – n – 1. Gentle or friendly reproof. 2. Counsel or warning against fault or oversight.

 

114. RENDEZVOUS – n – 1. A place appointed for assembling or meeting.

 

115. DESTINY – n – 1. Something to which a person or thing is destined : FORTUNE.

 

116. VAGUE – adj – 1. Not clearly expressed : stated in indefinite terms.

 

117. OSTENTATIOUS – adj – 1. Marked by or fond of conspicuous or vanglorious and sometimes pretentious display.

 

118. HAPHAZARD – n – 1. Chance.

HAPHAZARD – adj – 1. Marked by lack of plan, order, or direction.

 

119. SUPERABUNDANT – adj – 1. : EXCESSIVE.

 

120. DEFICIENT – adj – 1. Lacking in some necessary quality or element.

 

121. INNERPOLATED – NOT AVAILABLE

 

122. INSIDIOUS – adj – 1. Awaiting a chance to entrap : TREACHEROUS.

 

123. OPPROBRIUM – n – 1. Something that brings disgrace.

 

124. ESCHEWED – vt – 1. To avoid habitually esp. on moral or practical grounds : SHUN.

 

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